Montserrat originated millions of years ago, when this whole area was a delta. A slow process of erosion molded the rocks creating a very peculiar relief of capricious shapes.
Many of its peaks are over 1,000 meters high, the highest being St. Jeroni, which reaches 1,236 mssm. It is located about 60 kilometers from Barcelona. It is a place of great majesty and one of the symbols of Catalonia.
The monastery of Montserrat served in the early nineteenth century as a place of resistance to the advancing Napoleonic armies, which destroyed much of the buildings there.
Collserola Natural Park🏕️:
Collserola Park is the largest green space in Barcelona's metropolitan area, which is experiencing tremendous population pressure. It is bordered to the south and north by the valleys of the rivers Llobregat and Bess, with the plain of Barcelona to the east and Vallès to the west. The Collserola mountain range is over 8,000 hectares in size (seventeen kilometers long and six kilometers wide), with the famed Tibidabo as its highest summit (512 metres).
✨Fun fact✨:An observing and chasing program has been conducted out every year since 1988, during the months of September and October, when birds of prey pass through. On weekends, everyone is welcome to watch from the La Magarola hill. Instructors with specialized knowledge will assist you in identifying the species.
Delta de Llobregat (Llobregat Delta)🏞️:
The Llobregat delta natural areas are a network of protected areas in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, Gavà, and Sant Boi de Llobregat, all of which are located near Barcelona. There is no other Mediterranean metropolis with such internationally significant marshes. It is a location to visit, to learn about the natural environment and to enjoy the scenery, and to observe flora and wildlife in extraordinary conditions.
During the 1980s, the delta lost part of its natural ecosystem due to industrialization, but now, thanks to different plans and projects, it is recovering.
Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac Natural Park
The Natural Park of Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac (in Catalan Parc Natural de Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac) is a Spanish protected natural area located in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, in the regions of Bages, Vallés Occidental and Moyanés. Its main peaks are Montcau (1052 m) and La Mola (1104 m), where the Monastery of Sant Llorenç del Munt, which gives its name to the massif, is located.
The main peaks are surrounded by stepped rock walls, undercut by shelters and caves, and flanked by residual monoliths with whimsical names: Cavall Bernat, Cova del Drac, etc.
The massif of Sant Llorenç del Munt is known for the large number of important sites that settled on it in prehistoric times. The large number of caves in this massif, together with the remains that have been found over the years, prove it.